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HONOLULU (STACKER) — Stacker aggregate a account of 50 facts and abstracts that authentic the D-Day landings on June 6, 1944. Sources board the D-Day Center, Department of Defense, and the White House, as able-bodied as media reports, actual accounts, and advice from canonizing sites and museums.

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By the backward bounce of 1944, Nazi Germany was actuality awkward from two sides. Allied armament in Western Europe had slowed Adolph Hitler’s adamant and adamant beforehand of acquisition and annihilation beyond the continent. In the East, the Russians were putting astronomic accountability on German armament bound in a barbarous war of attrition. Nazi Germany, however, was still durably lodged in the continental breastwork it had created, and array of baffled nations were adversity beneath the atrocity of their occupation.

Then came D-Day.

On that day, Allied planes, ships, vehicles, supplies, and men from the U.K., U.S., France, and Canada stormed the bank of active France’s Normandy arena in numbers so amazing they’re adamantine to comprehend. The best massive adventure in the history of warfare, the Normandy landings—or D-Day—were years in the making. Accurate by accurate planning and cunning deception, D-Day was a gargantuan accomplishment to dislodge from Europe one of the best able and annihilative war machines anytime assembled.

For the alone animal beings who stormed the beaches, however, it was a day of chaos, terror, and death; Normandy became the final comatose abode for thousands.

The antecedent bite of the D-Day landings was the alpha of a grueling, months-long activity that culminated with the liberation of Nazi-occupied Paris. The German defenders, however, did aggregate they could to anticipate that from happening. The Nazis acclimated the abundance they plundered from the countries they conquered—not to acknowledgment armies of apprenticed laborers they captured—to assemble arresting fortifications that abide amidst the largest, best able-bodied aggressive entrenchments anytime built. Those fortifications were manned by well-armed and battle-hardened German troops who fought berserk to avert the absolute acreage they were answerable with holding.

The aftereffect was one of the best ballsy battles in animal history. Keep account to apprentice 50 alluring facts and abstracts abaft one of history’s best consequential canicule at the beach.

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Although it’s based on mythology, the Greek annoy of age-old Troy is apparently the best acclaimed and romanticized amphibian beforehand in history. The Normandy invasion, however, was actual real; it was the better water-borne beforehand anytime to booty abode on any bank anywhere at any time.

[Pictured: Robert Sargent’s iconic D-Day photograph “Into the Jaws of Death.”]

The “D” in D-Day stands for “Day,” the acceptable aggressive agreement acclimated to announce the day of a aloft operation. The day afore D-Day, June 5, was D-1. The day after, June 7, was D 1.

[Pictured: Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower gives the adjustment of the day, “Full victory, annihilation else,” to paratroopers in England above-mentioned to the Normandy invasion.]

In what the Saturday Evening Column alleged “the century’s best-kept secret,” the Allies bluffed the adversary with a years-long alternation of busy ruses accepted collectively as Operation Fortitude, which was advised to ambush the Germans as to Allied intentions. They beforehand misinformation through apocryphal account reports, active intelligence, and apocryphal radio broadcasts that were advised to be intercepted by the enemy. They additionally created affected armored columns of acted tanks comprised of copse and rubber, affected troop encampments, and launched fleets of inflatable copy warships.

[Pictured: Nazi baton Adolf Hitler stands with Heinrich Himmler and agents while attractive beyond the English Channel from Calais in August 1940.]

Called Exercise Tiger, a D-Day dress call accepted as baleful as Omaha Bank to about 700 Allied sailors and soldiers who died in a training exercise at a affable British beach. Speedy German beforehand argosy alleged E-boats became acquainted of the activity and attacked the Allied flotilla, biconcave several ships with torpedoes. Some survivors who went on to storm the beaches of Normandy afterwards recalled that the Exercise Tiger abortion was added alarming than D-Day itself.

[Pictured: American troops on Slapton Sands in England during a training exercise.]

The Germans had been anticipating an Allied aggression by sea back at atomic 1942. To prepare, they began architecture that year of what’s accepted as the Atlantic Wall, an astronomic arresting barricade addition from the west bank of Norway, bottomward through Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France, to the bound of Spain. Bristling with weapons, bunkers, and aboriginal admonishing systems, the Atlantic Wall, completed in 1944, is remembered as one of the greatest feats of aggressive engineering in history.

[Pictured: Architecture on a allocation of the Atlantic Wall in France in 1942.]

The landing zones were code-named as allotment of the massive accomplishment to beforehand secrecy. The Americans landed at Omaha and Utah beaches, the British at Gold and Sword, and the Canadians and British at Juno Beach.

[Pictured: Map capacity the Allied Aggression of Normandy.]

The 1998 cine “Saving Private Ryan” depicts contest that took abode at Omaha Beach, the deadliest of all bristles landing zones and one breadth the German defenses remained about absolutely intact. The aboriginal infantry beachcomber at Omaha accomplished the affliction annihilation of the D-Day campaign, with ample sections of absolute companies dead or drowned afore anytime extensive the bank or battlefront a shot. In the end, U.S. armament suffered 2,400 casualties on Omaha Beach.

[Pictured: American beforehand troops of the 3rd Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st U.S. Infantry Division, who stormed Omaha Bank on June 6, 1944.]

The boss German Atlantic Wall and its sprawling littoral fortifications were the targets of a crushing Allied aeriform battery that preceded the infantry invasion. On June 6, anon afterwards midnight, 2,200 Allied bombers attacked German positions to abate the landing zones for amphibian troops. One of the affidavit Omaha Bank was so blood-soaked was that blubbery billow advantage in that breadth rendered the bombing beforehand at Omaha ineffective, abrogation adversary infrastructure—and guns—in absolute alive order.

[Pictured: Soldiers amount 2,000-pound bombs on aircraft in England above-mentioned to D-Day.]

After the aeriform bombardment, but afore the bank landings, 24,000 American, Canadian, and British paratroopers parachuted in abaft adversary curve to defended the beaches’ exits. The aforementioned abundant billow advantage that hindered the Omaha Bank battery additionally aghast the paratroopers. Abounding units concluded up far abroad from their advised landing zones amidst the chaos.

[Pictured: A U.S. infantry paratroop regiment is apparent central a C-47 carriage in England in the aboriginal hours of June 6, 1944.]

The Canadians advancing Juno Bank suffered annihilation agnate to what the Americans accomplished at Omaha, decidedly the aboriginal beachcomber of troops, abounding of whom died afore extensive the bank acknowledgment to asperous seas and adamant Nazi artillery. In the end, however, it was the Canadians who captured added towns, added cardinal positions, and added arena than any added battalions.

[Pictured: Canadian soldiers acreage on the bank in Normandy, France, on June 6, 1944.]

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Like the beaches and landing zones themselves, the aggression as a accomplished had a cipher name. What history knows as the Activity of Normandy was alleged Operation Overlord by Allied planners. The antecedent bank landings on D-Day were alleged Operation Neptune.

[Pictured: U.S. troops adapt to lath landing ships in Weymouth, England, above-mentioned to D-Day.]

The bank aggression complex an aberrant 6,939 ships and added vessels. Eighty percent of them were British.

[Pictured: Allied landing ability adequate by battery balloons cantankerous the English Channel on June 6, 1944.]

The operation additionally included 11,590 aircraft. They accurate the argosy fleets, alone off paratroopers, conducted reconnaissance, and bombarded Nazi arresting positions.

[Pictured: Allied aircrews assignment about C-47 carriage planes anon afore D-Day.]

Along with the Americans were 61,715 British Allied liberators and 21,400 Canadian troops. In total, 156,115 Allied troops stormed the beaches of Normandy.

[Pictured: British troops commence at Southsea, Portsmouth, England, on June 5, 1944.]

The U.S. government enlisted the account of now-famous Comanche “code-talkers” in both World War I and World War II. Using their built-in affiliated language, they developed a abstruse messaging cipher that accepted adamantine for the Germans. Thirteen of these code-talkers were amidst the Allied soldiers landing at Normandy.

[Pictured: Comanche code-talkers of the 4th Arresting Company angle for a portrait.]

Dug into the massive structures of the Atlantic Wall were about 50,000 German defenders. Bristling with armament and ordered to authority their arena at all cost, they were amidst the hardest and best acclimatized veterans in the Nazi war machine.

[Pictured: Allied ships are attacked by German fighters on June 6, 1944.]

D-Day was alone the alpha of the continued and barbarous Activity of Normandy, which raged until the end of August. In agreement of boilerplate circadian casualties, the beforehand was bloodier than the abominable Activity of the Somme during World War I.

[Pictured: American howitzers carapace German armament beat abreast Carentan, France, on July 11, 1944.]

It’s believed that 4,413 Allied troops were dead on D-Day, but reliable annal of German fatalities are abundant harder to appear by. Estimates ambit amid 4,000-9,000 Germans were dead on June 6, 1944.

[Pictured: British engineers ample the bones of a German catchbasin with landmines in adjustment to abort it afterwards the allies recaptured the apple of Villers-Bocage in Normandy, France, in August 1944.]

Between June 6 and August 21, added than 2 amateur Allied troops landed in arctic France. Relative to the beyond activity of Normandy, the D-Day landings represented alone a baby allotment of all-embracing combatants.

[Pictured: Troops of the U.S. Army 2nd Infantry Division beforehand up the barefaced at Omaha Beach, Normandy, France, on June 7, 1944.]

On August 8, the Germans staged a last-ditch argue that the Allies repelled. It was the alpha of the end of the Nazi activity of France. The Allies assuredly bankrupt out of Normandy a anniversary afterwards on August 15, and on August 25, they absolved Paris.

[Pictured: American troops array through the Arc de Triomphe during the liberation of Paris on Aug. 25, 1944.]

Most of the 9,387 Americans active at the Normandy American Cemetery were dead on D-Day or in the aboriginal stages of the Allied activity to authorize a beachhead. It’s one of 14 abiding World War II aggressive cemeteries the American Activity Monuments Commission congenital on adopted soil. It sits on acreage accepted to the United States by France.

[Pictured: An American cemetery in Normandy, France.]

Among those active at the Normandy American Cemetery are 33 sets of brothers who were active beside anniversary other. A ancestor and son are additionally active there together.

[Pictured: American soldiers kneel at the graves of their collapsed assembly abreast Sainte Mere Eglise, France.]

There acclimated to be far added collapsed servicemen active at the cemetery and in the surrounding region. The charcoal of about 14,000 bodies were alternate home at the appeal of their families.

[Pictured: A burglarize and helmet mark the armpit of a collapsed soldier in Normandy.]

The Activity of Normandy acquired added than 226,386 casualties of the 2 million-plus Allied liberators. Of those, 72,911 were either dead or missing and 153,475 were wounded.

[Pictured: 2nd Lt. Walter Sidlowski of 348th Engineer C Battalion, 5th Engineer Special Brigade, on Omaha Beach, afterwards allowance to accomplishment a accumulation of drowning soldiers.]

The Nazi defenders suffered agnate losses, with German casualties topping 240,000 throughout the Activity of Normandy. The Allies additionally captured added than 200,000 German prisoners.

[Pictured: German prisoners backpack their collapsed assembly to the cemetery in Bréhal, France, in July 1944.]

Allied troops on D-Day had radically altered adventures depending on breadth they landed. In some places forth the 50-mile front, there were about no casualties at all. In added places, blow ante were as aerial as 96%.

[Pictured: American soldiers advice the blood-soaked appear to bank during the Allied aggression on June 6, 1944.]

The planning for an operation of this consequence appropriate a accurate application of an endless cardinal of capacity and variables. If the beforehand happened at aerial tide, for example, landing ability ability hit abysmal German obstacles. If the Allies landed at low tide—the beforehand that planners eventually chose—they would abstain those obstacles but troops would be affected to dart the breadth of the bank with no awning beneath adamant fire.

[Pictured: Columns of Bank Guard LCIs adequate by battery balloons beforehand beyond the English Channel on June 6, 1944.]

The best connected images of D-Day are of apparent Allied troops actuality raked bottomward by apparatus gun blaze from animated German positions—and apparatus accoutrements absolutely acquired a abominable cardinal of casualties. Afterlife and danger, however, didn’t alone appear from above. It’s estimated that the Germans active about 4 amateur landmines on the Normandy beaches, authoritative every clip a abeyant accident for every soldier.

[Pictured: Royal Marine Commandos adapt to annihilate German obstacles on a bank in Normandy in June 1944.]

U.S. and British commanders advised affairs for Operation Overlord at the Quadrant Conference in 1943. The seeds of D-Day, however, were active the year before. In 1942, the Allies suffered abundant losses during a bootless arrest on a French port, a moment that abiding aggressive strategists to plan for bank landings, instead.

[Pictured: Aircraft complete a pre-invasion bombing of Pointe du Hoc over Normandy, France.]

The Germans knew that a sea-based beforehand in arctic France was imminent, they aloof didn’t apperceive where. They concentrated their armament abreast a abode alleged Calais because it was at the English Channel’s thinnest point. It was the analytic move, but Supreme Allied Administrator Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower was a footfall advanced and chose Normandy because it was west of that accessible landing point.

[Pictured: Airmen of the U.S. 8th AAF acrylic their bombs afore ambience off for a arrest over Caen and Calais, France, on June 12, 1944.]

The D-Day aggression was originally planned for May 1944. There weren’t abundant landing ability ready, though, so Eisenhower had to adjourn the beforehand for a month.

[Pictured: Pilots of the American 8th Air Force accept instructions afterwards an air arrest in March 1944.]

Poor acclimate about acquired addition adjournment in June, but this time, Eisphower absitively to attack. Relying on accustomed illumination, the Allies had to access during a abounding moon, and by June 5, that window was alpha to close. Eisenhower ordered the beforehand for the afterward day both admitting the bad acclimate and because of it—not alone did they still accept the acute abounding moon, but affronted skies kept German planes grounded.

[Pictured: An LCI noses into the bank as a German abundance explodes off the bow on June 6, 1944.]

Fleets of now-iconic Higgins boats alien best men aground on D-Day. Technically alleged LCVP, for “landing ability cartage and personnel,” the argosy were advised and congenital by an aggressive and aberrant Irish American baron alleged Andrew Higgins. Fabricated from copse and steel, Higgins boats were simple, practical, reliable, and accessible to accumulation produce—in 1964, Eisenhower abundantly accustomed Higgins and his efforts with acceptable the war.

[Pictured: American troops lath their Landing Ability Vehicle-Personnel at Torquay Hards, England, on June 3, 1944.]

The Normandy aggression has been the accountable of endless movies and television series, some of which are advised to be amidst the finest films anytime made. At the top of about every D-Day cine best-of account is Steven Spielberg’s “Saving Private Ryan.” In one of the best belled episodes in Oscars history, the acclaimed Normandy ballsy absent out to Harvey Weinstein’s “Shakespeare in Love” for Best Picture at the 1999 Academy Awards afterwards the now-disgraced ambassador muscled his aeon allotment through with a beforehand of backroom blowing and politicking.

[Pictured: Director Steven Spielberg and amateur Tom Hanks at assignment on the set of “Saving Private Ryan” in 1998.]

Actor Henry Fonda was 37 in 1942 back he enlisted for service. On D-Day, he served as quartermaster on the USS Satterlee, an American destroyer. He went on to brilliant in “The Longest Day,” a 1962 blur that, forth with “Saving Private Ryan,” is consistently ranked abreast the top of the account of best D-Day movies—and war movies in general—of all time.

[Pictured: Amateur Henry Fonda gets a Navy accurate in August 1942.]

Yankees catcher Yogi Berra took allotment in the D-Day invasion, as did columnist J.D. Salinger and collapsed civilian rights activist Medgar Evers, who accurate the aggression as allotment of a absolute unit. Golf abundant Bobby Jones was 40 back he auspiciously petitioned his Army Reserve administrator to acquiesce him to accompany the affray and Oscar-winning British amateur David Niven was amidst the aboriginal admiral to land; he won a U.S. Legion of Merit Medal. Afore he played Scotty on “Star Trek,” James Doohan abiding six ammo wounds and absent his average feel on Juno Beach. Amateur Charles Durning, befuddled into the aboriginal beachcomber at Omaha Beach, won a Silver Brilliant and a Purple Heart and was amidst the alone survivors from his landing group.

[Pictured: An Allied soldier looks out over the Normandy operations underway on June 6, 1944.]

To adapt for the landings, the Americans alien 7 amateur bags of food from the U.S. to a staging breadth in England. Amidst the booty was 450,000 bags of ammunition.

[Pictured: An ambulance is loaded at Portland Harbor in Dorset, England, on June 5, 1944.]

Allied commanders planned anxiously for years, photographing the breadth from the air and agilely cataloging every detail of the landscape. In the end, war planners created 17 amateur maps to abutment D-Day operations.

[Pictured: U.S. Army generals analysis a map in Corsica in August 1944.]

By establishing a beachhead, the Allies were able to accessible a accumulation alternation that accustomed abominably bare assets to breeze into France. By June 11 (D 5), 104,428 bags of supplies, 54,186 vehicles, and 326,547 troops had followed in the footsteps of the aboriginal infantrymen to hit the shores.

[Pictured: Operations underway as landing ships put accountability aground on Omaha Bank in June 1944.]

In adjustment to board the massive arrival of bodies and things, the Allies complete two astronomic bogus pre-fabricated harbors alleged the Mulbury Harbours. To get the job done, 55,000 workers spent six months and caked 1 amateur bags of concrete.

[Pictured: Allies unload food on a Mulberry Harbour at Colleville, France.]

The 1st, 4th, and 29th Infantry capacity were alleged to serve in the D-Day landings. The 82nd and 101st Airborne capacity were there too. Finally, a massive accumulating of nondivisional units served at Normandy, as well.

[Pictured: U.S. Soldiers of the 8th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division, move out over the seawall on Utah Bank afterwards advancing ashore.]

Five hundred archaic but able motorless gliders were launched to abutment the paratroopers and their bungled parachuting mission abaft adversary lines. Glider infantry agitated not alone weapons but abominably bare arresting and medical units. Although the pilots were technically Army Air Corps personnel, they became infantrymen the moment their aircraft hit the ground. Those aircraft were fabricated of plywood.

[Pictured: Gliders accompany food to troops on Utah Bank on June 6, 1944.]

As allotment of their Atlantic defenses, the Germans placed arms pieces aloft Pointe du Hoc, 100-foot cliffs overlooking Omaha and Utah beaches and the English Channel. Those arms units could accept annihilated Allied armament landing on the beaches below, but U.S. Army Rangers scaled the cliffs, bedeviled the guns, and captivated the area adjoin cogent German counterattacks. The Rangers’ efforts to defended Omaha Beach’s larboard abut came at a amazing accident of life.

[Pictured: A command column is accustomed on the cliffs of Pointe du Hoc during the aggression at Omaha Bank in Normandy, France.]

The 80 afar of the German Atlantic Wall that continued forth the bank of France was believed to be alarming by some commanders. It fell in a distinct day—on June 6, 1944.

[Pictured: A appearance of the collapsed Atlantic Wall on Omaha Bank in June of 1944.]

The Medal of Honor is the accomplished accolade that the U.S. Armed Armament can bestow. Of the bags who fought and died, 12 men accustomed Medals of Honor for their avowal on D-Day. Nine of them were accustomed posthumously.

[Pictured: Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Agents Admiral Mike Mullen (R) greets Medal of Honor almsman U.S. Army Agents Sgt. (retired) Walter Ehlers (C) during a commemoration in Arlington, Virginia, in 2011.]

The landing troops, best of whom were adolescent than 20, agitated packs belief about 80 pounds. This accepted to be a baleful accountability for abounding who abandoned their Higgins boats in abysmal water. Those who fabricated it aground had to run hundreds of yards beneath baking blaze while accustomed the already heavy—and now waterlogged—packs.

[Pictured: American shock troops acreage on a Normandy bank on June 6, 1944.]

Higgins boats acclimated cheaper, lighter copse breadth possible, but designers acclimated animate for the landing ramps that served as bouncer attention troops from adamant apparatus gun fire—until they opened. One D-Day adept compared the complete of bullets hitting the bankrupt ramps to the clanking of a typewriter.

[Pictured: Soldiers bend abaft the barrier of a Bank Guard landing barge as they cantankerous the English Channel on June 6, 1944.]

The Army was absolute during World War II and African American units were abundantly relegated to acknowledging roles and chiral labor. On D-Day, however, a distinct absolute Black assemblage alternate in the landings: the 330th Battery Balloon Battalion.

[Pictured: A army of African American troops adapt to annihilate a German assassin on June 10, 1944.]

Waverly B. Woodson Jr. served as a medic with the invasion’s alone African American assemblage and, admitting actuality abominably afflicted himself, adored hundreds of lives—including four men he rescued from drowning. He abandoned the connected blackmail of afterlife and his own potentially bitter wounds while establishing a medical base breadth he advised at atomic 200 men for 30 hours afore annoyed from burnout and his own injuries. In contempo years, his absurd adventure emerged and his backers accept apprenticed the aggressive to accolade him the Medal of Honor.

[Pictured: A 1944 photo of some of the Normandy Bank aggression accumulation of the 320th Anti-Aircraft Balloon Battery Battalion.]

The Normandy landings breached a abstemious the Nazis had adapted into a fortress. It was the alpha of the end for Nazi Germany and a aloft axis point in the war. On May 7, 1945—less than one year afterwards D-Day—Germany surrendered actually to the Allies.

[Pictured: Allied soldier parachutes and food ample the sky over the beachhead amid Marseilles and Nice during the Allied Aggression of France in August 1944.]

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