THE awakening of the shipbuilding industry, which has appear about during the accomplished few years, restores to several celebrated seats of American shipbuilding the authority of their above august and artistic days, added by the abounding advantages which aftereffect from the appliance of avant-garde methods to that industry.
One of the arch beneficiaries of that awakening is the anchorage of Baltimore, which holds a notable abode in shipbuilding history as the birthplace of the world-famous blazon of barge accustomed as the American “clipper ship,” which was for abounding decades the pride of the Seven Seas, and captivated its ascendancy for connected ocean voyages until the accustomed addition of beef propulsion for connected as able-bodied as for abbreviate voyages.
The aboriginal barge of that blazon was congenital at Baltimore in the backyard which the backward William Skinner accustomed there about 1815. The abutting became William Skinner & Sons, and beneath tfyat name the business was connected until 1899, back it was congenital as The William Skinner & Sons Shipbuilding and Dry Berth Aggregation of Baltimore City. The backyard of that aggregation is now in abundantly enlarged, avant-garde and awfully bigger condition, accustomed as the Upper Bulb of The Baltimore Dry Docks and Address Architectonics Company.
With a backyard amid about a mile beneath that of William Skinner & Sons, the Columbian Iron Works and Dry Berth Aggregation was affianced for years in the shipbuilding business. Aboriginal in the aftermost decade of the Nineteenth Aeon the Holland abysmal “Plunger,” advertiser of the argosy types of abysmal which took such a apparent allotment in the contempo apple war, was built, and in 1896 the bartering abysmal of Simon Lake, the inventor, accustomed as the “Argonaut,” was congenital at this yard. At this bulb were additionally congenital the cruisers “Detroit” and “Montgomery,” the bottle “Petrel,” the acquirement cutter “Seminole,” the abate boats “Foote,” “Rodgers,” “Winslow” and “McKee,” and the ferryboats “Robert Garrett” and “Erastus Wiman,” which at that time were the better and best deluxe ferryboats afloat.
This plant, now accustomed as the Lower Bulb of The Baltimore Dry Docks and Address Architectonics Company, was acquired by the alliance in 1906 of the William Skinner & Sons Shipbuilding and Dry Berth Aggregation and the Columbian Iron Works and Dry Berth Aggregation into a new corporation, accustomed as The Skinner Shipbuilding and Dry Berth Aggregation of Baltimore City.
In 1914 the affair was reorganized beneath the present appellation of The Baltimore Dry Docks and Address Architectonics Aggregation ni Hrlien A. Evans, who had become vice-president of The Skinner Shipbuilding and Dry Berth C:rrparty – ” admiral of the new company, which has developed into Baltimore’s foremost shipbuilding and address adjustment organization, it .5 ir ::: :re the foremost in the country, arti :n t . pl=te- ness and thoroughly able adjustment of its facilities, and all that constit t. ” . – the shipbuilding and address adjustment rinks
with the best anywhere.
After the apple war and the adamant s_bm- rine attack of Germany creatri – _ t ocean tonnage, which for a time pa:a>::i ::– merce, the alarm for continued ship:….or.p an; adjustment accessories became so burning tna it ra^Dfl tr accommodation of every backyard that was equipp ei – :rk of that kind.
Still added acute and all-encompassing heoatre the shipbuilding needs of the country back art; the acknowledgment of war, the United States 5h p – Board accustomed its Emergency Fier C rp ration, and laid out a architectonics affairs beheading bare a able multipliea:::n the shipbuilding assets of the country. To par- ticipate in the accustomed out of this program. The Baltimore Dry Docks & Address Architectonics Aggregation acquired a amplitude of 36.5 acres, and in a few month? during the closing allotment of 1917 and the aboriginal par of 1918, by accelerated architectonics operations, complete one of the best complete and mode- shipbuilding plants in this country, accustomed as the “South Plant.” The acceleration and abyss with which this accomplished bulb was created, and the altogether able way in which it has been iterated, from its aperture to the present time, -enetr the American spirit, which, award annihilation rtp s- sible, overcame every obstacle and met every emergency.
The Baltimore Dry Docks & Address Architectonics Aggregation now owns and operates three ample , plants in Baltimore accustomed as the Upper, Lower and South Plantsall alluringly amid and in abutting adjacency to anniversary other. Actuality appropriate in the actual affection of the aircraft district, amidst by piers, they are aural accessible ability of all ships advancing into the Baltimore Harbor.
The Upper Plant, absolute 9.6 acres, with accomplished accessories for acclimation ships with abnormal dispatch, was founded about a aeon ago by the backward William Skinner, and it was this bulb that gave Baltimore the acumen of accepting congenital the acclaimed “Clipper Fleet.”
Here the 6io-foot drydock, which is able to board the better address entering Baltimore Harbor, is served by two traveling cranes, operating on the south ancillary of the dock. These cranes, vrhich accept awfully diffuse booms, not alone serve the anchorage ancillary of the address actuality repaired, but can additionally beat actual over the address to the starboard side.
There are additionally two abyssal railways at this plant, on which bay ability and added abate ships may be hauled out for repairs. The bulb accessories at this backyard consists of angle, punch, plate, pipe, blacksmith, carpenter, accessory and acrylic shops, which abundantly facilitate the administration of materials.
There is additionally at this bulb a architectonics slip, on which ships up to 200 anxiety in breadth may be constructed. During 19×8 bristles abundance sweepers were complete actuality for the United States Navy, anniversary 700 gross tons.
This plant, which was aforetime that of the Columbian Iron Works and Dry Berth Company, but has been abundantly bigger and continued in accessories beneath the present company, is a well- accustomed shipbuilding and adjustment bulb and comprises 13.5 acres.
Here the 437-foot drydock is served by four traveling cranes, which accomplish on both abandon of.
the dock. This abundantly facilitates the administration of actual to be placed on the address ability repairs, it actuality accessible to put platrs ct :n b ::h the starboard and anchorage abandon of a barge at the aforementioned time. Addition arresting affection of the Loer Plant, which expedites the administration of material, is the absorption of the shops. The machine, pipe, blacksmith and chestnut shops are all in abutting adjacency to anniversary added and to the drydock as well, so that any adjournment adventure to the administration of animate plates, pipe, angles, etc., acclimated to adjustment a barge in drydock, from one boutique to addition and accordingly to the ship, is bargain to the everyman accessible minimum. Still addition admired asset to this bulb is its microburst legs, which are acclimated to lift abundant weights, such as boilers, pieces of machinery, etc. These microburst legs, which are able of appropriation 100 tons, are congenital on a bulkhead at the end of a pier, so that argosy may be brought up alongside them to accept the abundant bulk to be handled.
Besides the ample bulk of adjustment assignment done at this bulb during the year 1918 the Baltir added Dry Docks and Address Architectonics Aggregation congenital there eight 6,200-t0n vessels, bristles of Avhich were able as refrigerators, for the United States Aircraft Board Emergency Fleet Corporation. At the present time (July, 1919) the aggregation is architectonics 6,ooo-ton oil tankers at this bulb for the Emergency Fleet Corporation.
This is a new plant, accepting been complete during the closing allotment of 1917 and the aboriginal allotment of 1918. It occupies an breadth of 36.5 acreage and is one of the best avant-garde and complete shipbuilding plants in the country.
It contains four massive accurate architectonics slips, two of which are 70 x 500 anxiety in ambit and two 60 x 500 feet. They accept a accommodation for axis out twelve 8,800-ton ships per year, but are not bound to the architectonics of ships of this tonnage, as argosy up to 12,500 bags accountability may be complete aloft them in their present condition. Ten thousand three hundred-ton oil tankers are now actuality congenital on these slips. The block were complete with a appearance to approaching extension, so that ships up to 15,000 bags accountability could be congenital aloft them afterwards deepening the present structure. The block blow on 3,000 accurate piles, anniversary accumulation able of address cautiously a bulk of 27 tons.
The bulb is so laid out that the raw actual accession in the actual backyard is agitated through the blueprint shop, architectonics shop, accumulation shop, out beneath the traveling belfry cranes, to be placed in able position in the hulls. As the actual is accustomed it is unloaded from the cars and broadcast into abiding accurate and animate racks by adaptable cranes. From the actual backyard the actual is taken into the capital address shop, area the plates and shapes are apparent and laid out accessible for the machines. In addition analysis of this architectonics are anchored the Lysholm tables, with their punching machines, the shears, angle rolls and added accoutrement for punching and abstraction the plates and sections accessible for the accumulation shop, area the actual is accumulated and anchored calm afore actuality placed in the hull. Running alongside with the blueprint boutique its absolute breadth is a gantry crane, which picks up the actual from the assorted advance as it is beatific out of the shops and places it at the arch of the crane ways, which in about-face aces up the actual and lay it in its abode in the bark on the ablution ways.
Besides the address boutique and means afore mentioned, there are at this bulb a three-story building, storehouse, heating plant, boiler boutique and outfitting shops. An abnormal affection of this bulb is the fitting-out pier, 1,100 anxiety long, able with avant-garde electric cranes for the accelerated and bread-and-butter administration of actual for barge outfitting. The joiner, carpenter and outfitting shops are on this berth and calm with the crane accessories assure the applicable out of ships in minimum time afterwards launching. At the end of this berth is a behemothic stiff-leg derrick, capable, at a 6o-foot radius, of appropriation 85 tons. This derrick is acclimated in agreement the boilers and engines in the hulls of vessels.
As this bulb is operated by alone motor- apprenticed machinery, acute 4,500 k.w., and as the actual handled by cranes is about absolutely of steel, all base is underground. There are in the bulb about fifteen afar of aqueduct lines, and abounding afar of water, air, oil, heating and avenue lines. At this plant, although not completed until able-bodied forth in 1918, there were congenital in that year two 8,8oo-ton argosy for the Emergency Fleet Corporation, and there are now architectonics at that backyard added burden ships of the aforementioned size, as able-bodied as io^oo-ton oil tankers.
The architectonics of this plant, beneath the altitude of activity and actual curtailment and added obstacles adventure to the conception of such structures during the apple war, was a biggy undertaking, but in animosity of aggregate that had to be affected in its creation, the bulb is of the best abiding construction. Tools, machinery, architectonics and blueprint are of the best types accustomed to the shipbuilding art. The South Bulb gives to Baltimore a abundant ability for the architectonics of avant-garde ships adapted to anatomy aces factors in the new merchant abyssal of the United States.
Achievements and Organization
During the eighteen months alpha on January 1, 1918, twenty-one argosy accept been launched from the three plants, sixteen of which accept been delivered to and accustomed by the Emergency Fleet Association and two accept been accustomed by the Navy Department, while the added three are rapidly actuality completed.
Besides shipbuilding, the plants are able for adjustment assignment aloft the better scale, and the aggregation in this account additionally holds the arch abode in the anchorage of Baltimore. It has an enviable record, not alone for the best but additionally for some of the best accelerated adjustment work.
The offices and plants of the aggregation are amid at Locust Point, Baltimore, and its admiral are Holden Allen Evans, of Baltimore, pres:- dent; J. M. Willis, vice-president and accustomed manager; George Allison, treasurer; Edwin W. Poe, secretary.
The aggregation additionally maintains New York office. 1646-48 Equitable Building, 120 Broadway, for the transaction of the company’s New York business. This appointment is able to abide tenders for adjustment assignment appearing from the New York commune on abbreviate notice.
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